Sítios do Vale do Rio Côa e de Siega Verde
Created in August 1996 with the objective of placing the rock art of Vale do Côa on public visit.
The Vale do Côa Archaeological Park was created in August 1996 with the purpose of managing, protecting, musealizing and placing on public visit the rock art of Vale do Côa.
The art of Côa was classified as a National Monument in 1997 and a World Heritage Site in 1998 by UNESCO.
In August 2010, the extension of the Côa Valley in Spain, Siega Verde, was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Committee's world heritage list. This rock station is located next to the Águeda River, a tributary of the Douro, a few kilometers from the Portuguese border of Vilar Formoso, in Villar de la Yegua, Salamanca, and includes 94 panels spread over 15 kilometers, with more than 500 representations of animals and some schematic signs that were discovered in the late eighties. The similarities with the Foz Côa prints made it possible to ensure that the Siega Verde prints were made by the men of the Upper Paleolithic, between 20,000 and 12,000 years before our era, being contemporary with those of the Côa.
These nuclei have engravings, mostly dated from the Upper Paleolithic (more than 10,000 before the present), but the valley also kept examples of paintings and
engravings from the Neolithic and Chalcolithic, engravings from the Iron Age and from the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, when the millers, the last engravers of the Côa, abandoned the valley floor.
In order to preserve the rock art centers and the ancient archaeological sites, the PAVC manages a territory of two hundred square kilometers around the last kilometers of the Côa river valley and close to its confluence with the Douro. This territory includes parts of the municipalities of Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo, Meda, Pinhel and Vila Nova de Foz Côa.
Source: DGPC (www.patrimoniocultural.pt)