National Pantheon - Church of Santa Engrácia
Unique example of the Baroque in Portugal, you can enjoy a unique view of the city and the river.
The National Pantheon, which houses the tombs of the main historical personalities of Portugal, is located on the original site of the church of Santa Engrácia.
Founded in the second half of the 16th century, the building was completely rebuilt at the end of the 17th century by the architect João Antunes. Although it has never been used as a place of worship, it still preserves, under its modern dome, a majestic nave with polychrome marble decoration typical of Portuguese Baroque architecture. As an icon of Lisbon's urban landscape and for having a privileged location, as it overlooks the city's historic center and the Tagus River, it is listed as a National Monument.
The National Pantheon-Church of Santa Engrácia, a unique example of the Baroque in Portugal, stands in front of the Tagus, overlooking the city's historic area, being an essential reference in the silhouette of Lisbon. From your terrace you can enjoy a unique view of the city and the river.
The tomb rooms in its interior welcome the Presidents of the Republic Manuel de Arriaga, Teófilo Braga, Sidónio Pais and Óscar Carmona, the writers Almeida Garrett, Aquilino Ribeiro, Guerra Junqueiro, João de Deus and Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, the artist Amália Rodrigues, footballer Eusébio da Silva Ferreira and Marshal Humberto Delgado.
The National Pantheon's mission is to honor promote and publicize the Life and Work of the personalities present in it.
Not only for its unusual proportions but, above all, for its innovative design and the originality of the wavy walls, the first solution of its kind tested in Portugal, the Church of Santa Engrácia-Panteão Nacional is a unique monument in Portuguese Baroque architecture. It is a building with a Greek cross plan, that is, defining a cross with four equal arms, with curved elevations marked at the angles by turrets.
In its interior animated by the magnificent decoration of colored marbles and topped by the majestic dome, which rises to 80 m in height, there are the cenotaphs of Nuno Álvares Pereira, Infante D. Henrique, Pedro Álvares Cabral, Afonso de Albuquerque, Vasco da Gama and Luís de Camões.
The three tomb rooms located at the corners of the building on the ground floor welcome the Presidents of the Republic Manuel de Arriaga, Teófilo Braga, Sidónio Pais and Óscar Carmona, the writers Almeida Garrett, Aquilino Ribeiro, Guerra Junqueiro, João de Deus and Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, artist Amália Rodrigues, footballer Eusébio da Silva Ferreira and Marshal Humberto Delgado.
Space organized in an amphitheater reserved for the chanting of religious songs, allows for its location a perspective of the central nave and its semicolas, as well as the magnificent historic organ of the 18th century that occupies the main altar of the Church.
This space, which includes elements recovered from the primitive church, pieces of jewelery used in the celebration of the inaugural mass of the National Pantheon and a unique set of plaster models and models from the campaign to conclude the “Works of Santa Engrácia”, also shows a film that documents the long and adventurous history of the monument, providing a better understanding of its different phases of construction and its unique path.
Former reserved spaces that today constitute a set of exhibition rooms, only visitable when hosting temporary exhibitions.
The National Pantheon stands on one of the hills in the eastern part of Lisbon, facing the river. Thanks to this location, its terrace, 40 m high, constitutes a unique viewpoint in the city, allowing you to enjoy a privileged view of Lisbon and the Tagus.
Source: DGPC ( www.patrimoniocultural.pt )