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Beja Castle

Medieval fortification that is the most emblematic monument in the city.

National Monument

Its keep, almost 40 meters high, is considered by some authors as the tallest military tower in the country.
Beja Castle, namely its Keep, is the most famous and emblematic monument in the city. It is a Gothic fortress, whose construction began in the 13th century, shortly after the Christian conquest of the city, extending into the 14th and possibly 15th centuries.
Standing out from the fortress as a whole, stands the imposing Torre de Menagem, almost forty meters high, considered by some experts as a masterpiece of European Gothic military architecture.
In addition to the castle, the walls that, dating from the same period, surrounded the medieval city are still visible, leaving twenty-eight towers and respective wall cloths.

The second room is the most beautiful in the castle, according to the description by Túlio Espanca “(…) magnificent is the octagonal cover, of warheads and polynervated ribs, based on cantilevered cordons and gracefully and picturesque sculpted capitellations with Atlantean figures and angels, in the most difficult positions. Radiating the axial star, of artisans covered with worked plaster, seventeen bits of flaming Gothic foliage, grant a movement and particular enchantment to this extraordinary work of apparent architecture from the beginning of the century. XV and the reign of D. João I, where the stylistic and constructive Arab influences are also reflected ”.

In the third, simpler room, the anthropo-zoomorphic figurative decorations stand out. We also highlight the particularity of the numerous acronyms of flowerbeds that participated in the construction throughout the 14th / 15th centuries. From this room we access the roof, protected with diamond-tipped merlons, from which one can appreciate one of the most beautiful panoramas that Beja can provide, the plain in its splendor.

In the Plaza de Armas is the  Casa do Governador , a building that underwent profound changes in the late 1930s as a result of DGEMN action, in order to enhance and preserve the Castle of Beja.

 

Governor's House

The building located inside the castle grounds, called Casa do Governador, results from different interventions carried out over several centuries. It is believed that its primitive construction originated in the century. XV, by order of D. João II, a Palace was built to receive Infante D. Afonso on his honeymoon, as the chronicler Rui de Pina says. From this primitive phase it is still possible to observe the Gothic arches. From 1640 onwards, after the restoration of independence, the site was occupied by the army as a stable and barracks, given its new function it underwent major expansion works, losing its character as a noble dwelling. The third phase of intervention was in the 30s of the twentieth century at the initiative of DGEMN integrated in the context of works for the recovery, conservation and enhancement of Beja Castle. The current building is the result of this last intervention, in which the different counters from the demolished buildings in Beja were integrated. The corner balcony, twinned, in marble and granite, came from the old Casa dos Corvos, located next to the Church of Santa Maria and which, according to tradition, had been the palace of the Visigoth bishops and, after the Muslim governors of Beja. Currently the Casa do Governador is occupied on the ground floor by the main Tourist Office of the City, cafeteria and WC, the second floor is a large museum space prepared to receive temporary exhibitions. it had been the palace of the Visigoth bishops and, after the Muslim governors of Beja. Currently the Casa do Governador is occupied on the ground floor by the main Tourist Office of the City, cafeteria and WC, the second floor is a large museum space prepared to receive temporary exhibitions.

 

Source: CM Beja