A Monument raised to perpetuate the memory of the battle of Aljubarrota.
It was built at the end of the 14th century with patronage from King João I, The Dominican Monastery of Batalha is the most significant testimony to the Portuguese Gothic style. This vast complex, which is also a royal pantheon, is an excellent example of the evolution of medieval architecture up to the 16th century, from the innovative experience of the late Gothic to the Manueline decorative exuberance.
Located at the centre of the town of Batalha, the monastery of Saint Mary of the Victory, also known as Monastery of Batalha, was built in fulfilment of a vow made by King D. João I in gratitude for his victory at the battle of Aljubarrota on 14 August 1385. This conquest would grant him the throne and the independence of Portugal.Works proceeded for 150 years as the monastery went through different stages of construction. This is the reason why predominantly Gothic Manueline solutions coexist with Renaissance influences. The initial project was considerably changed so as to evolve into a vast monastic complex including one church, two cloisters with annexes and two royal pantheons, the Founder’s Chapel and the Imperfect Chapels. King D. João
I donated the monastery to the Order of St. Dominic thanks to the good offices of Doctor João das Regras, the King’s councillor and Brother Lourenço Lampreia, his confessor. Having belonged to the Dominicans until the extinction of religious orders in 1834, the monument became then part of the Public Treasure. Today it is under the responsibility of the DGPC being a cultural, tourist and devotional space. The Monastery was designated National Monument and is inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List since 1983.
Source: DGPC (www.patrimoniocultural.pt)